Making short film using Key frames.

I have been attending filmmaking on Thu with Neil Pedder and I have been learning new skills using premier elements and after effects, including the use of keyframes.

I have animated a short clip, visualizing sound of the voice using graphic artworks that I have created from frequency patterns based on the scientific theory called Cymatics discovered Hans Jenny.

I have begun thinking about what my final year piece will be and I am not very knowledgeable on film editing but I am hoping I will learn enough new skills to enable me to transfer my concept of work. I want to present my theory of sound being spheres, not waves and also that sound is, in fact, an object in space and time. I have been designing 3d graphics sound spheres so my thought is if I can make a silent film of my mouth talking, I can animate the spheres within the footage of my mouth.

A film was taken of just my mouth

Example of 3d design work:


To create the graphics I used photoshop.

I created a mesh sphere and then used a layer using this graphic image.

cymatic print 4

The process I used is here

This process created some lovely designs and even allowed for negative and positive space

656.37hz 3d sphere

To see how graphics were created please click here

Premiere Pro Quick Guide

Log in and open up Premiere Pro (Purple box “Pr”)

Create “New Project” or open up an existing project.

Name the project and “Browse” to find your external drive/stick/SD card, “Choose” that and “OK” it.

Bottom left “Project” window. Go to “File” drop down menu, go to “Import” find your clips and import them.

Move the mouse over the clips to see what happens in each clip.

Double click on the clip to bring it up in the top left “Source” window.

Look at your clip by either playing in real time or clicking and dragging the play-head.

Mark the “in” and “out” points (using left  { and right } brackets).

Click and drag the clip to the bottom right “Timeline” window.

Repeat till all your clips are on the Timeline, snapping each one to the clip before it.

Play the Timeline (Space bar) and watch it in the top right “Viewer” window.

Transitions (cross dissolve) can be added to the clips, go to the bottom left window and click on the “Effects” tab. Click on the “Video Transitions” drop down triangle and click on the “Dissolve” drop down triangle. Click on the “Cross Dissolve” square and drag it into the Timeline, dropping it on the split between two clips on the video line, for a cross dissolve. If you drop it at the start of your first clip it will create a fade in from black and at the end of the last clip creates a fade out to black.

You can adjust the length of the dissolves by clicking on the end of the dissolve box and dragging it longer or shorter. Audio transitions can be done in the same way, except they are “crossfades” and are dropped on the audio line.

Effects can be added to each clip. Double click on a clip and it comes up in the “Source” window, click on the “Effects Controls” tab in that top left hand window and the “Effects” for that clip are displayed. Make sure the play-head on the Timeline is in the middle of the clip you are affecting, so you can see what you are doing in the “Viewer”. There are standard video and audio effects already in the window, to add further specific effects, go to the “Effects” tab in the bottom left window and select “Video Effects” drop down triangle. There is a long list of further drop down triangles, select the effect you want and double click on it. That effect will now be available in the top “Effects Controls” window with which you can now affect the clip.

Titles/text can be added. Place your playhead at the point in the timeline where you want to add a title. Go to the Toolkit, on the left of the Timeline and select the “T” icon. Click in the top right screen and a red rectangle appears. Type what you want. The text appears on the timeline as another clip. Double click on it to bring it up in the Source window and go to the Effects Controls tab. You will have all the control parameters for the text in there (font, size, colour etc). Remember to re-select the Selection (arrow-head) tool!

When you have finished your video, click on the Timeline to highlight it (blue edge), go to “File” drop down menu and “Export”, then across and click on “Media”. This brings up the “Export Settings” box.

In the top right there is the “Format” drop down menu, click on it and select which format you want.

“H.264” is a good all rounder, it produces a high quality Mpeg4 file which will play on computers and will upload to the Nets video channels. However, if you are just playing on a computer, using a media player or creating a DVD, then use “Quicktime”.

Three lines further down is “Output Name”, double click on the highlighted name next to it. This allows you to select your external drive/stick/SD card and “Save” it. This puts an empty file in that destination, you then go to the bottom right of the “Export Settings” box and press “Export”.

This exports your video into the created file. Normally the export will take as long as the video,     e.g. a five min video will take 5 mins to export, however if you have used lots of effects it will take considerably longer so be prepared for that.

Playing your video


Quictime allows you to play your video on a computer screen.

In “View” click on “Loop”, this will play your video endlessly.

In “View” click on “Enter Full Screen” to make your image as big and well presented as possible.

Green Screen Editing in Premiere.

Go to “File” and “Import” to import both your background and the green screen footage.

Edit your background footage in the usual way, using “In” and “Out” points in the Source window and drag it down onto the Timeline putting it on channel V1.

Edit your green screen footage the same way and drag it down onto the Timeline putting it on channel V2 above the background image. Put the play-head within that clip so you can see it in the top right viewer screen.

Double click on that green screen image to bring the clip up in the Source window and click on the “Effects Control” tab.

Go down to the Project Window and click on the “Effects” tab. Click on “Video Effects” drop down menu, click on “Keying” drop down menu, finally double click on “Ultra Key” to send it to the Effects Control menu.

Go up to the Effects Control menu and under Ultra Key, select the “Eye Dropper” tool, move the eye dropper onto the viewer screen and select the most average green (or whatever colour you wish to remove). This should immediately get rid of 90%+ of the unwanted colour. You may want to click on the “Eye” of the V1 channel to temporarily remove the background so you see the green screen against black.

Go into Ultra Key and above the eye dropper tool, go into the “Composite” drop down menu and select “Alpha Channel”. This turns the image black and white. You want to keep the object as white as possible while making the surround as black as possible.

Go to “Matte Generation” drop down menu and increase the “Pedestal” value. This should make the black a lot blacker without affecting the object. You then need to play around with the other values, “Shadow” and “Tolerance” would be next to look at, but you need to be careful not to put any black in the object.

When you have finished this to your satisfaction, look at the edges of the object (zoom in to have a detailed look) sometimes there will be a hint of green around the edges and sometimes the edges look too sharp against the background. Go to “Matte Cleanup”, use “Choke” to bring the edge of the object in to remove the green edge, use “Soften” to round the edges to make them less sharp.

Please play around with the other values to see what they do, as you can always “Undo”.

If you have done it earlier, click on the “Eye” of channel V1 to bring the background image in. Use the values in “Motion” to scale, rotate and position your object in the background.

Lastly, I would use “Lumetri Colour” video effect to tweak the colour, brightness, etc to make the object sit well with the background image.

I filmed myself just talking and only my mouth, the footage was grainy and skin texture was not very good so I used a technique of softening skin texture explained here

I then began to create other track of the film and stacked them so there was a 30 sec gap they were echoing each other, I then used the effect of opacity. I was doing a lot of editing and the computer kept on crashing so I continued my work on a friends computer.

I imported 3 sound spheres and animated them using keyframes to move them around the screen, I wanted to be able to animate the actual sphere so I used a program called Formz. Demonstrations below.

1st Demo video, Visible Sound

The inspiration and reason why the sound is a sphere and not wave please click here click here 

After making thE video I took some stills from the film which inform the viewer of the concept and made a series of pics. I have enjoyed creating the film as the film can cross over many mediums of work, by creating stills and maybe some silk screen prints etc.


I have learnt about keyframes and also layer, plus how to edit skin tone and texture. I have done some editing in Zform. The more confident I have become with film editing I can image that I can use this medium to present my concept of work in the future.